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Swimming Tip Tuesday

Swimming Tip Tuesday: Front Crawl

On this week’s Swimming Tip Tuesday we will discuss front crawl. Specifically focusing on arm recovery and shoulder placement.

When you as a swimmer begin to learn front crawl, you have been introduced to the following skills:Swimming Tip Tuesday

  • Floating
  • Rhythmic Breathing
  • Front Glide
  • Side Glide
  • Flutter kick

Front crawl takes these skills and combines them, allowing the swimmer to achieve greater distances, swim more efficiently, and with greater strength. Front Crawl (also known as freestyle) is a highly energy efficient stroke when performed at a high level of proficiency.

To begin to make this stroke our own, we must focus on the mechanics of the combination “front-to-side-glide”.

To turn onto our side, the swimmer must first keep their kick consistent. Establishing a rhythm when kicking will keep the swimmer close to the top of the water.

Secondly, the swimmer should roll the body to the side, instead of turning just the head, a slight roll turning the hips and shoulder.

For the 3rd step we have a Pro Tip: Your shoulder should come out of the water as your arm exits while the other begins the propulsive phase under the water. This should happen as you slightly roll to breathe.

Swimming Tip TuesdayWhen executed correctly, the swimmer will reduce drag by maintaining their streamline body position. The swimmer will also increase forward propulsion as our hand finds the catch.

Definitions:

Drag: In swimming “drag” is used to explain the force or resistance experienced by a swimmer by working against the water, or out of a streamlined position.

Catch: In swimming “catch” is used to finding the assisting flow of water to increase propulsion. In other words where the water is moving in large volumes.

Rhythmic Breathing: In swimming this means to blow bubbles and exhale in a consistent pattern or rhythm.

Well that’s a wrap for this week’s Swimming Tip Tuesday! Until next week!

 

Swimming Tip Tuesday

Swimming Tip Tuesday: Butterfly Streamlining & Chin Position

Today’s Swimming Tip Tuesday we’re going to discuss butterfly and another strategy swimmers use to maintain their head position. Our pro tip of the day is to keep your chin as close to the surface as possible when breathing.

Body position is important to all strokes and water skills. The way we move within water depends on how we manipulate the body to work with and against it. By maintaining a mainly streamlined body position allows for the swimmer to move with ease and speed through the pool. The water moves around the body instead of against it.

Whether you’re swimming for fun, for exercise, or for competition, practicing various techniques to manipulate the water in an energy efficient way is key. Swimming is an efficient sport, especially when focusing on manipulating the body to perform strokes. The goal is to get the most forward propulsion with minimal disruptions to our streamline position.Swimming Tip Tuesday

Throughout the stroke we want to minimize the amount of drag created when the swimmer ultimately has to breathe. If the swimmer keeps the top of the head close to the surface when exhaling into the water, there is less distance to move upward to breathe. Similarly by keeping the chin close to the surface of the water when breathing, we reduce the amount of time it will take to re-enter the water and begin the next forward pull of the arms.

How do we practice maintaining our chin close to the surface of the water:

  • Keep the eyes looking forward towards the wall across the pool.
  • Tuck the chin slightly to graze the water as you recover the arms.
  • When practicing isolated dolphin with a flutter board, focus on how far your chest and head rise to breathe.

Remember to keep these in mind when perfecting your own butterfly!

That’s a wrap for this Swimming Tip Tuesday, until next week!

Swimming Tip Tuesday

Swimming Tip Tuesday

Swimming Tip Tuesday: Minimize the Kick

On this week’s Swimming Tip Tuesday we’re going to focus on how to maximize our forward propulsion by looking at the differences in how we kick our feet.

Swimming tip TuesdayThe basis of butterfly is dolphin kick, it is from this movement that the swimmer generates most of their forward momentum. When beginners are learning this stroke, some instructors will put emphasis on splash to differentiate between the two different types of kicks.

Dolphin kick is a wave motion generated from the hips. The swimmer will do the following sequence when performing the kick.

1-push the hips down towards the pool floor.

1a-bend at the knees.

1b- keep the feet close to the top of the water.

This is the initial ‘S’ or ‘wave’ motion. Then the swimmer will…Swimming Tip Tuesday

2- push the bum up towards to the top of the water.

2a-straighten the knees.

2b push the feet down towards the pool floor.

This is the second wave, this motion will become seamless with practice.

As the swimmer performs 2b (pushing the feet down towards the pool floor) they will execute that push gently the first time, tapping the water and hard the second time, forcing the water down beneath them. On the second kick, the swimmer engages the arms and adds to the momentum.

We’ve spoken about the mechanics but how do we maximize this movement? The answer is to minimize the amount of splash we create in the kick.

As I have emphasized in the past to avoid drag we want to maintain a streamlined body position. Remaining streamlined allows for the water to flow around the body without creating drag and assisting with the swimmers’ forward momentum.

Swimming Tip TuesdayIn the case of Butterfly we want to maintain the motion of water around us to avoid drag. Due to the wave like motion of this stroke it is in the swimmer’s best interest to minimize disruptions to the flow of water.

When we create splashes, we change the movement of the water around the swimmer. Due to the change in direction of the water’s movement, the swimmer needs to work against these other currents being created by large splashes.

As a result it important for swimmers to practice the execution of this kick, with great power and a small amount of splash.

Keep practicing, and we’ll see you next time for Swimming Tip Tuesday!

Swimming Tip Tuesday

Tutor Thursday

Tutor Thursday: Goal Setting | Aqua Fun Academy

This Tutor Thursday we are going to discuss education and the value of teaching goal setting to students. Goal setting is a fundamental skill which is applicable to various facets of life. We touched on the use of this skill on a Swimming Fit Friday. For more on that see the link at the bottom of the article.

Tutoring ThursdaysGoal setting includes the understanding of how to plan for short and long term goals, setting tangible and realistic goals, and taking the responsibility to act and then self-evaluate the results from each goal. Unfortunately, many teachers do not emphasize the importance of goal setting in their classroom because they are simply so focused on content-knowledge of their own course.

Carol Dweck, in her book Mindset: The new psychology of success, presents the idea that people lead their lives with one of the two types of mindsets: a fixed mindset or a growth mindset. According to Dweck, the fixed mindset is “believing that your qualities are carved in stone,” while the growth mindset is “the belief that your basic qualities are things you can cultivate through your efforts.” Moreover, Dweck expands on this idea and states: “the passion for stretching yourself and sticking to it, even (or especially) when it’s not going well, is the hallmark of the growth mindset.”

This idea of the growth mindset is the core for student success. If a student is able to have long-term goals and not give up on them (even if they fail a test in school and so on), the student will, by the end, reach his/her objective.

The key here is to incorporate goal setting and trial and error in the classroom as one of our 21st century skills as it is an essential skill for living in the world and it is omitted in most core courses (such as mathematics, science, etc). If a student is able to fail many times, but get back up and continue to search for a way of how he/she will solve the problem, then, we as teachers, have given the student the right preparation to live and work in the world today.

Now, the question is: how do we (the teachers) prepare the students to have this skill? And how will we assess that the students were able to understand and apply this skill to their lives?

Just keep reading, until next weeks’ Tutor Thursday!

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In reference to the beginning of our Tutor Thursday I present to you, Goal Setting in Practice: https://www.aquafunacademy.ca/swimming-fit-friday-goal-setting/

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Dweck, C. (2006). Mindset: The new psychology of success. New York: Random House.

 

Goal Setting

Swimming Fit Friday Natation Forme Vendredi

Swimming Fit Friday: Exercise and Self Esteem

On this week’s Swimming Fit Friday, we are going to discuss exercise. as well as how it can have a positive effects on our self-esteem. With ads and social media influencing our self-perception of shaping what is and is not of value. It can be increasingly difficult for people of all backgrounds, sizes, shapes, and abilities to hold onto what makes them amazing.

I would like to say that as a person you do not owe anyone health, fitness, or beauty. Exercise can provide a space to discover one’s passions, capacity for learning new skills, and overall growth.

Swimmimg Fit FridayTaking up an exercise can provide us with an out, it can take us outdoors, exercising can get us unplugged from ads and social media momentarily.

We can find excitement in our new abilities; from lifting your first weight, to running your first ½ marathon, to swimming in your first competition. Overcoming challenges has a positive effect on our mental state. The endorphins released into the body are responsible for feelings such as happiness.

I have also noticed that the confidence that comes with knowing you’re good at a skill has a way of translating intoSwimming Fit Friday other avenues of your life. It can become its own well in which we draw from to actively discover new passions.

Engaging in exercise can also give us new friends, or even and entire community. Joining a sports team, or league, having a weekly swim buddy, or a network of people at your pool. Being surrounded by amazing people makes us better.

Excelling at our exercise / sport of choice builds our perseverance, our character, and our self-esteem. Exercise provides us with a template for learning, it demonstrates to the individual that time and effort are fundamental in achieving our goals.

I challenge all of you to go out there and find an exercise, sport, or activity that feels good to you!

Until next Swimming Fit Friday

Swimming Tip Tuesday

Swimming Tip Tuesday: Streamlining

On this week’s Swimming Tip Tuesday we will discuss streamlining. Swimming is an efficient sport! The objective of swimming is to minimize as many unnecessary movements as possible to propel oneself through the water. In order to do this the body should remain in a horizontal streamline position.

Swimming Fit FridayWhen we raise our head up we break this horizontal streamline position, creating more drag. Note that “drag” in this context is the force pulling the swimmer backwards and ultimately down. Thus exiting streamline position by raising our head produces drag and causes the swimmer to sink. As a result of this it requires more effort for the swimmer to stay afloat and propel themselves forwards.

This is what happens: the body lowers starting from the hips and down towards the feet.

To prevent this specifically during strokes likes front crawl the swimmer must maintain a horizontal streamlined position. This can be done by keeping the head close to the shoulder when turning to the side to breathe. Ideally the swimmer should turn their head so their ear enters the water completely and their nose is parallel with the lane line or wall (dependent on which way the swimmer turns to breathe).

Swimming Tip TuesdayRaising our head up can also be create drag for strokes like back crawl and elementary backstroke. This is what happens: lifting the head up forces the swimmer to bend at the waist, and pushing the hips and legs down. This downward motion not only slows us down, but uses excessive amount of energy to propel us through the water.

To correct this one must relax the head in the water, allowing the ears to enter the water. As this is done, the swimmer should be able to see the ceiling directly above them. Maintaining this body position will allow the swimmer to keep their feet up with more ease during back crawl. Similarly during elementary backstroke, it is important to maintain the same head position as in back crawl.

To summarize: Try to keep your head and spine as still and relaxed as possible. Until our next Swimming Tip Tuesday!

Swimming Tip Tuesday

Tutor Thursday

Tutor Thursday: Universal Design for Learning

This Tutor Thursday we will break down the Five Universal Design for Learning (UDL) Principles.

“The aim of Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is to provide access to the curriculum for all students, and to assist educators in designing products and environments to make them accessible to everyone, regardless of age, skills, or situation” –Learning for All, Ontario Ministry of Education, 2013

Universal Design for Learning

Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is an Ontario program with universal application.

The five principles are based on the core concepts of UDL: universality and equity; flexibility and inclusiveness; an appropriately designed space; simplicity; and safety (Ontario Ministry of Education, 2013).

  1. Use differentiated learning to give students the opportunity to show their understanding.
  • Meeting the needs of each student is an important part of the universal design for learning. By differentiating activities and assessments, students have the ability to show their understanding in a variety of ways. This allows students to maximize their ability to progress and reach their potential as well as it creates equity in the classroom.
  1. Be flexible and open to changing or accommodating student tasks, ongoing assessment, teaching strategies, and student materials.
  • Our students come with a variety of needs. It is important to use materials that vary in level of difficulty or form, and that are relevant for every student. Students should be provided with rich learning tasks that include problem solving, real-world applications, and social justice topics, where teachers are flexible to engage in such activities with the students.
  1. Minimize distractions, such as noise, behavioral distractions, and classroom setup.
  • It is important for teachers to be consistent with noise levels, behavior rules, and the classroom organization because it provides access to learning for all

    The five principles are based on the core concepts of UDL: universality and equity; flexibility and inclusiveness; an appropriately designed space; simplicity; and safety.

  1. Be clear when communicating expectations; ensure that all students understand.
  • In order to keep all learning styles included, instructions and expectations should be presented in a variety of ways: communicated orally, visually, and written (success criteria on the board). Learning goals should be constructed in collaboration with students and using student-friendly language. The teacher should also provide ongoing feedback throughout the assignment.
  1. Provide an inclusive and safe learning environment.
  • In order for every child to learn, they must feel safe both physically and emotionally. The classroom environment should teach students how to care for others and their belongings as well as how to respect one another. The atmosphere should be inclusive so that all students are able to learn to their full potential. Teachers should praise each student daily and issues that occur in the classroom should be addressed immediately.

Well that was the Five Universal Design for Learning (UDL) Principles. Until next Tutor Thursday!

Swimming Tip Tuesday

Swimming Tip Tuesday: Breaststroke Whip Kick

This week’s Swimming Tip Tuesday we will discuss breaststroke and the correct execution of whip kick. During breaststroke, whip kick is an important element of the stroke, done primarily by the muscles in the legs, and guided by the feet. Whip kick is what generates the majority of propulsion during the stroke. When beginning to learn whip kick, it is common for beginners to have their feet exit the water.

The leg motion in breaststroke is actually broken down into several parts. First, the swimmer bends at the knees, pulling the heels towards the hips. Second, once the feet are in this position, the feet are to be flexed. We flex our feet to spread the toes out to the sides and connect the heels together to make a ‘V’ shape. Third, once this has been done, the swimmer follows the direction of the ‘V’ and draws a circle outwards away from the body, making sure to keep the ankles wider than the knees. Bearing this in mind, try to keep your feet from popping out of the water, as the goal of most strokes is to remain streamline to ensure that we float.

Because the overall mechanics of this stroke are different, we swim on a slight diagonal, keeping our head in the most upward position and our knees further under the surface of the water. Due to this adjustment in body position we can keep our feet below the surface. This needs to be done as we pull our heels to our hips, and as we whip them around drawing a circle. During the phase in which we pull our heels to our hips, we focus on the strength generated from the whip as we draw a circle with our legs.

To summarize: Draw your heels up to your hips without letting them pop out of the water!

Until next Swimming Tip Tuesday!

Swimming Tip Tuesday

Swimming Fit Friday Natation Forme Vendredi

Swimming Fit Friday: Starting Early

This Swimming Fit Friday we are going to discuss the benefits of starting swimming early in a child’s life.

As we get older, starting to swim can become a daunting task, one of the main reasons being we can actively think of a number of excuses not to start. As we get older, the ability to procrastinate and create excuses is fairly second nature. As a parent you can ease their potential anxiety of water by introducing them.

Swimming Tip Tuesday

A young swimmer totally comfortable in the water.

Psychologists use exposure to uncomfortable situations to help clients overcome phobias. Instructors and coaches also help students overcome their performance anxieties through the use of exposure to uncomfortable situations. This exposure creates a predictable environment, increasing our comfort. The more we put ourselves in uncomfortable situations, the more we shape our character and our ability to persevere.

Starting swimming early also provides an opportunity to develop self-discipline. Students create S.M.A.R.T. goals with the assistance of our instructors. Using instructor feedback, students continuously progress towards their goals. The development of self-discipline can then be applied throughout life, to school, to work, and to family.

Swimming Fit Friday

Make swimming a lifestyle!

Starting swimming early also provides an awesome opportunity to adhere to exercise. Engaging in physical activity can become bother-some as we get older, time constraints, new deadlines etc. However when an activity does not feel like a chore, and becomes a priority we dedicate time. That otherwise might have been spent doing something else.

Though there are many benefits to starting swimming early; swimming can be taken on at any age! I personally challenge you to overcome whatever it is that is keeping you away from the pool. Aqua Fun Academy has amazing instructors that will work with you to achieve your aquatics goals! From blowing bubbles for the first time, or being able to swim in the ocean on your next vacation, to working on that triathlon Aqua Fun Academy will get you there!

Until Next Swimming Fit Friday!

Swimming Tip Tuesday

Swimming Tip Tuesday: Performance & Fatigue

On this week’s Swimming Tip Tuesday, we’re going to discuss performance curves in regards to practicing our strokes and ways in which we can combat fatigue.

What is a performance curve? A performance curve measures how effectively we practice over a period of time. This varies from person to person, though there are some general rules. For example if one is reading a long article in preparation for an exam it takes approximately thirty minutes of reading for the mind to optimally focus on the material. In regards to physical activity, our level of fatigue is one of the factors determining optimal performance.

There are ways to work around fatigue when practicing. One of those ways is to mix up which muscle groups we use throughout our practice session. If you feel your stroke technique dropping for one stroke, change to another stroke. Different muscle groups are used in different strokes. Due to this swimmers can provide an opportunity for your other muscles to recover from some fatigue.

Another way to combat fatigue is to incorporate stroke alternatives. These alternatives can come from our shallow or deep-water aquatic fitness programs. Below are some alternatives that assist in overall muscle development.

Swimming Tip Tuesday

Swimming Tip Tuesday: A person performing water running with assistance of a buoyancy belt.

  • Water running/jogging
  • Cross Country ski
  • Pendulum
  • V or L sit
  • Jax / oppositional Jax

Bolded exercises are to be done with the aid of a buoyancy belt!!

The eventual onset of fatigue is unavoidable, to help with swimmer recovery remember to also include light exercise or rest period throughout your programs.

To keep your swimming stamina high prior to practice check out the following tips below:

  • 30-45 minutes before your physical activity have Quick Carbs: a fruit (banana, apple, orange) of your choice helps boost energy levels prior to physical activity.
  • Hydrate regularly throughout practice, a good opportunity for this is during rest periods
  • Warm up & warm down to keep muscles loose and prevent the occurrence of muscle cramps
  • Communicate with your coach, they can adjust workouts to better suit your progress

Until Next Swimming Tip Tuesday!Swimming Tip Tuesday